Eight Fold Noble Path

source : linked discourses 45.8 Analysis

Vibhaṅga Sutta SN 45.8 | Analysis
translated by Ajahn Sujato

The Buddha presents the eightfold path together with a detailed analysis of each factor. It should be assumed that these explanations apply wherever the eightfold path is taught.

excerpt:

At Sāvatthī. “Mendicants, I will teach and analyze for you the noble eightfold path. Listen and pay close attention, I will speak.” “Yes, sir,” they replied.

The Buddha said this:

  • what is right view?
    • Knowing about suffering, the origin of suffering, the cessation of suffering, and the practice that leads to the cessation of suffering. This is called right view.
  • what is right thought?
    • It is the thought of renunciation, love, and kindness. This is called right thought.
  • what is right speech?
    • Avoiding speech that’s false, divisive, harsh, or nonsensical. This is called right speech.
  • what is right action?
    • Avoiding killing living creatures, stealing, and sexual activity. This is called right action.
  • what is right livelihood?
    • It’s when a noble disciple gives up wrong livelihood and earns a living by right livelihood. This is called right livelihood.
  • what is right effort?
    • It’s when a mendicant generates enthusiasm, tries, makes an effort, exerts the mind, and strives so that bad, unskillful qualities don’t arise. They generate enthusiasm, try, make an effort, exert the mind, and strive so that bad, unskillful qualities that have arisen are given up. They generate enthusiasm, try, make an effort, exert the mind, and strive so that skillful qualities that have not arisen do arise. They generate enthusiasm, try, make an effort, exert the mind, and strive so that skillful qualities that have arisen remain, are not lost, but increase, mature, and are fulfilled by development. This is called right effort.
  • what is right mindfulness?
    • It’s when a mendicant meditates by observing an aspect of the body—keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. They meditate observing an aspect of feelings—keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. They meditate observing an aspect of the mind—keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. They meditate observing an aspect of principles—keen, aware, and mindful, rid of desire and aversion for the world. This is called right mindfulness.
  • what is right immersion?
    • It’s when a mendicant, quite secluded from sensual pleasures, secluded from unskillful qualities, enters and remains in the first absorption, which has the rapture and bliss born of seclusion, while placing the mind and keeping it connected. As the placing of the mind and keeping it connected are stilled, they enter and remain in the second absorption, which has the rapture and bliss born of immersion, with internal clarity and confidence, and unified mind, without placing the mind and keeping it connected. And with the fading away of rapture, they enter and remain in the third absorption, where they meditate with equanimity, mindful and aware, personally experiencing the bliss of which the noble ones declare, ‘Equanimous and mindful, one meditates in bliss.’ Giving up pleasure and pain, and ending former happiness and sadness, they enter and remain in the fourth absorption, without pleasure or pain, with pure equanimity and mindfulness. This is called right immersion.”